Tag Archives: procedure text

Unit 4 – How to Do It?

1 Dec

Warming Up

Hi all! How are you? Have you ever felt so hungry in the midnight and you’ve got nothing to eat? I have experienced it and what I did was I tried to make pancakes. Do you know pancakes? Pancake is very famous in the U.S. and you’ve got to try it! Watch the video to learn how to make one!

Digging Deeper

According to the video, complete the recipe! Write down the Ingredients, Equipments, and the Additional Ingredients. Also, arrange the steps into a sequenced recipe!


How to Make Perfect Pancakes

Ingredients        :

Equipments       :

( … ) Separate the eggs into the other two bowls. Whip the whites with a hand mixer until they form stiff peaks and set aside.

( … ) Heat your pan or griddle to about three hundred fifty degrees and lightly coat the surface with cooking spray or vegetable oil. Test the temperature by sprinkling a drop of water into the surface. If it is hot enough, the water will skitter and evaporate. Don’t use butter to grease your pan unless it’s clarified butter. Regular butter will burn.

( … ) Serve your pancakes with traditional size like butter and maple syrup. But don’t be afraid to experiment. Give whipped cream, jams or jellies, peanut butter, sliced fruit, and even melted chocolate a try.

( … ) Add milk into the egg yolks and beat them together with a mixer until they bubbled. Then, mix in the oil or butter.

( … ) When you’ve satisfied that you get the right temperature, use your one third cup measure to pour on as many helpings of batter you can comfortably fit on the griddle. There should be a bit of space between them so that they don’t overlap or touch when you flip them.

( … ) In one bowl; mix the dry ingredients thoroughly together with the whisk so they fully incorporated into each other. Break up any lumps. Diner pancakes are often made with malted milk powder instead of sugar. Using malt in your recipe will impart that pancake house flavor.

( … ) Pancakes should be served as soon as they cooked through. If you’re whipping up a big batch, don’t let your cooked cakes get cold while the new ones are just hitting the griddle. Instead, lay the pancakes on a cookie sheet. Make sure not to overlap or stack them and place them just in one until you ready to serve.

( … ) Add the dry ingredients to the egg yolk mixture and whisk them together very gently until they’re just incorporated. Don’t mix too much. Overwork batter results tough, dense pancakes. Fold in the eggs white into the additions and let the batter rest for fifteen to twenty minutes.

( … ) Try your temperature by making a trial pancake. Use your one third cup measure to gather a scoop of batter and pour down to your pan or griddle. When the edges are brown and bubbles appear on the top, flip the pancake and cook on the other side until it is golden brown. Resist the urge to press down on the pancake. It would not help cook any faster, and it will crush the light texture. To make blueberry pancakes, scatter a handful of frozen blueberries into the batter as soon as you poured them on the griddle.

Did you know? The origins of the pancake date back to the prehistoric times, when early cultures cooked their grain-and-water mixtures on hot rocks to make flatbreads.

Understanding Procedural Text (Recipe)

A recipe is an example of procedural text. It tells us how and what we need to do or make something. A procedural or instructional text mainly consists of three parts: goal, list of materials (which is not required for all procedural text), and the steps.

The goal is a sentence or an opening statement which states clearly the objective of the text. The materials needed to achieve the goal are listed in order of use. Not all procedural text has this part. The steps are the method of achieving the goal. The steps are chronological and are numbered or listed.

Example 1:

In Activity 1, the goal is to make a perfect pancake.

The materials are including the ingredients and equipments.

The steps are provided clearly from step 1 to 9.

Example 2:

How to Make Spaghetti Bolognese → The Goal: to make spaghetti Bolognese

Ingredients → The Materials

375 gm Spaghetti

410 gm Tomato

1 tbsp Olive oil

1 Medium brown onion, chopped finely

500 gm Minced beef

1 Clove garlic, crushed

1/2 Cup tomato paste

1/4 Cup beef stock

1/2 tsp Sugar

1/2 Cup dry red wine

2 tsp Fresh oregano

1 tbsp Fresh basil, finely shredded

How to make Spaghetti Bolognese → The Steps

  1. Heat oil in a big saucepan and cook onion and garlic in it on medium heat till onion is soft, keep stirring.
  2. Add beef to the pan, stir continuously on high flame till well browned.
  3. Crush the tomatoes using potato masher.
  4. Add tomato paste, wine, stock, sugar and crushed tomatoes and bring it to a boil.
  5. Reduce the heat, covered and simmer for about 30 minutes till beef is tender and mixture thickened slightly.
  6. Now stir through herbs.
  7. Meanwhile, cook pasta in a big saucepan of boiling water, uncovered, till just tender, drain.
  8. Now serve sauce over spaghetti.

Taken from:


Language Feature of Procedural Text

Procedural text uses connectives/linking words to do with time (first, after that, next, finally).

Procedural text uses imperative verbs (cut, fold, mix)

Focusing on Grammar

Procedural or instructional texts, such as the pancake recipe and the procedure of making a mummy, use imperatives.

The Examples of Imperative Sentences:

  • Separate the eggs.
  • Heat your pan.
  • Cover the body.
  • Decorate the body.

An imperative sentence has an understood subject (you), and the verb is in the simple form. So, “Separate the eggs” means “You separate the eggs”

The Function of Imperative Sentences

  • to give direction              : Turn right at the corner.
  • to give an order               : Shut the door or Don’t open the window!
  • to make polite request : Please shut the door, or Shut the door, please.

This is how you turn imperative sentences into polite request:

Example 1          : Open the window.

Responses          : Please open the window. Could you please open the window? Would you mind opening the window?

Example 2          : Give me a cup of coffee.

Responses          : May I have a cup of coffee? Could you get me a cup of coffee?

Mastering the Text

Below is a recipe of Onigiri. Onigiri is a Japanese rice ball. There are varieties of onigiris, as you can put any filling you wish. This is a recipe of a triangle onigiri.


  • Rice
  • Filling (optional)
  • Water
  • Seaweed
  • Optional: Vinegar, Sugar, Salt


  1. Cook the rice. Leave the rice in the pot for about 20 to 30 minutes before turning the rice cooker or pot on, so that the rice can become sticky.
  2. Let the rice stand for a few minutes for it to cool down before proceeding. As you are waiting, make your fillings (if applicable as this is optional). Whip tuna and mayo in a bowl, cut vegetables, meat, etc to kill some time.
  3. Place a cutting board or wax paper on the counter and wet your hands thoroughly. This is to keep the rice from sticking your hands (although some grains will still stick) and to keep your hands cool from the hot rice. Scoop some rice with a spoon or scooper.
  4. Make a deep crater in the rice ball but don’t puncture it to the point that you fingers slip to the other side. This is where your filling is going to go, so just deep enough to place things in.
  5. Insert your fillings into the hole. Make sure that you don’t overfill it! Fold some rice over the hole/crater so that all fillings are hidden. If you press to lightly, the rice will not stick together and will crumble as you eat it. If you press too hard, the rice will get mushy and soggy. To make a triangle, make an “L” shape with your hand and use that to shape your rice with.
  6. Wrap nori (seaweed) around your onigiri. It’s up to the person if they wish to use a strip or wrap the whole rice ball in seaweed. The seaweed keeps your hands rice-free and keeps the rice ball in its shape.
  7. Wrap your onigiri in plastic wrap or place it into your bento box. Enjoy!

Adapted from http://www.wikihow.com/make-onigiri

Wrapping Up


Procedural text tells how and what we need to do or make something. A procedural or instructional text mainly consists of three parts: goal, list of materials (which is not required for all procedural text), and the steps.

Procedural text uses imperative verbs (cut, fold, mix)

Procedural text uses connectives/linking words to do with time (first, after that, next, finally).

Imperatives are used to make orders, to give directions, or to make requests.

Click here to download the worksheet!