Tag Archives: descriptive text

Unit 3 – The Beauty of Indonesia

1 Dec

Warming Up

Compare these two texts about Kelimutu Lake!

Text A

Mount Kelimutu is a volcano located in Flores Island, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia. The volcano has three lakes on its crates. The lake is known as Danau Tiga Warna because the lake has three different colours, red, blue, and white. The name Kelimutu is derived from the word “Keli” which means mountain and “Mutu” which means boiled. The lake was discovered in 1915 and has become National Nature Conservation Area since February 26, 1992. The lakes are 1.051.000 meter square wide with 1.292 millions meter cubic water volume.

Text B

See and feel the nature’s wonder in Flores Island, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia. Located in the crate of Mount Kelimutu, Kelimutu Lake has three craters. Each crater has different colour, red, blue, and white. Yet, the colours changes along the time. The locals believe that the colour of each crate carries meanings and has huge energy. Since its discovery in 1915, Kelimutu Lake has attracted the local and foreign tourists, nature lovers, and scientists by its uniqueness. Visit Kelimutu Lake and you will witness the beauty you will never experience in other places. Contact us in 555-000 for tour reservation!

Do you see the difference between Text A and B? Even though they both describe Kelimutu Lake, they have different purposes. Text A merely informs us about Kelimutu Lake and Text B invites us to visit Kelimutu Lake. Now, let us see another example of tourism advertisement!


Digging Deeper

Read this tourism advertisement about Bedugul Botanical Garden!


Bedugul Botanical Garden

What comes in your mind when you are thinking about Bali? Beach? So you definitely have to visit Bedugul Botanical Garden. Bedugul Botanical Garden or Kebun Raya Eka Karya is a huge tropical garden located in Bedugul, plateau area in Bali. It is situated in the cool atmosphere with rain forest and hill surrounds it. This botanical garden was first opened in 1959 and owns 154,5 ha land located Tabanan regency, northwest part of Bali. It is close to the beautiful lakes, Beratan Lake and Ulun Danu Temple. It is completed by more than 1187 plant types and various flowers.

Bedugul Botanical Garden has an orchid garden with the collection of 320 orchid types from Bali, Java, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Sulawesi and also Papua. We can also see the rose garden with the collection of various rose from rust colored until green chromatic. Bedugul Botanical Garden is completed by 524 birches which are still in its original forest. The collections are from America, South America, China, Japan, Australia, Africa and Netherlands. The cactus collections consist of 104 types. The cactuses are imported from Africa, America, Germany, Switzerland, and also from some places in Indonesia.

Beside of the plant collections, Bedugul Botanical Garden offers the spacious landscape for outbound activities. The cool and peaceful atmosphere also gives you the chance to relax and enjoy the beautiful scenery. Bedugul Botanical Garden is the perfect place for you and your family.

Experience the other side of Bali Island by joining our Bedugul Tour. Contact us at ww.balistarisland.com for more information.

Adapted from:

http://www.balistarisland.com/Bali-Interesting-Place/Bedugul-Garden-Yard.htm

Understanding Descriptive Text for Advertisement

Descriptive text is a text which says what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing. The generic structure of descriptive texts consists of introduction, body, and conclusion.

The texts in warming up activity and the text about Bedugul are the examples of describing place text. However, because Text B and “Bedugul Botanical Garden” are tourism advertisement, they do not only describe the place but also explore the unique characteristics of the place to persuade people to visit that places.

Let us try to identify the generic structure of “Bedugul Botanical Garden”!

Bedugul Botanical Garden

TITLE

What comes in your mind when you are thinking about Bali? Beach? So you definitely have to visit Bedugul Botanical Garden. Bedugul Botanical Garden or Kebun Raya Eka Karya is a huge tropical garden located in Bedugul, plateau area in Bali. It is situated in the cool atmosphere with rain forest and hill surrounds it. This botanical garden was first opened in 1959 and owns 154,5 ha land located Tabanan regency, northwest part of Bali. It is close to the beautiful lakes, Beratan Lake and Ulun Danu Temple. It is completed by more than 1187 plant types and various flowers.

INTRODUCTION 

General impression: Not a typical recreation place in Bali

General description: definition, location, establishment date, area size, etc.

Bedugul Botanical Garden has an orchid garden with the collection of 320 orchid types from Bali, Java, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Sulawesi and also Papua. We can also see the rose garden with the collection of various rose from rust colored until green chromatic. Bedugul Botanical Garden is completed by 524 birches which are still in its original forest. The collections are from America, South America, China, Japan, Australia, Africa and Netherlands. The cactus collections consist of 104 types. The cactuses are imported from Africa, America, Germany, Switzerland, and also from some places in Indonesia.

Beside of the plant collections, Bedugul Botanical Garden offers the spacious landscape for outbound activities. The cool and peaceful atmosphere also gives you the chance to relax and enjoy the beautiful scenery. Bedugul Botanical Garden is the perfect place for you and your family.

BODY: gives detail information 

The collections: orchid garden, rose garden, birch collection, cactus collection

The landscape: spacious, suitable for outbound, place to relax, beautiful scenery

Experience the other side of Bali Island by joining our Bedugul Tour. Contact us at http://www.balistarisland.com for more information. CONCLUSION 

Restatement: to persuade readers to visit the place

Contact person

Language Feature

Descriptive text uses present tense.

Descriptive text uses mostly passive sentences.

Descriptive text uses adjectives such as beautiful, peaceful, cool, etc.

Focusing on Grammar

Descriptive text such as “Bedugul Botanical Garden” uses present tense.

Examples:

Bedugul Botanical Garden or Kebun Raya Eka Karya is a huge tropical garden located in Bedugul, plateau area in Bali.

Bedugul Botanical Garden has an orchid garden with the collection of 320 orchid types.

Bedugul Botanical Garden offers the spacious landscape for outbound activities.

Beside the present sentences, you can also find passive sentences in descriptive text. In the texts above, we could find these sentences:

The lake was discovered in 1915.

This botanical garden was first opened in 1959.

Bedugul Botanical Garden is completed by more than 1187 plant types and various flowers.

These sentences are examples of passive sentences. In the passive, the object of an active verb becomes the subject of the passive verb.

Example:

Active: Lio Van Such Telen discovered Kelimutu Lake in 1915.

Passive: Kelimutu Lake was discovered by Lio Van Such Telen in 1915.

Tenses

Active

Passive

Simple Present They imports flowers from Japan The flowers are imported from Japan (by them)
Simple Past They imported flowers from Japan The flowers were imported from Japan (by them)

Usually, the passive is used without “by phrase” such as in “The lake was discovered in 1915.” The “by phrase” is included only if it is important to know who performs the action, such as in “Kelimutu Lake was discovered by Lio Van Such Telen.”

Mastering the Text

Kelimutu Lake in Flores Island and Bedugul Botanical Garden in Bali Island are only examples of thousands wonderful natural beauties that Indonesia has. Manado, North Sulawesi, also has its natural beauty which has already been well known around the world, Taman Nasional Bunaken or Bunaken National Marine Park.

Bunaken National Marine Park

Ever fancy yourself being a mermaid? Being able to swim along with other creatures of the sea , moving to the rhythm of the waves? In the Bunaken Marine Park, you will encounter a real “mermaid”, and you can also get a glimpse of sea life here.

Bunaken is an 8.08 km² island in the Bay of Manado, situated in the north of the island of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Bunaken forms part of the administrative city of Manado, capital of North Sulawesi. The Marine Park around Bunaken is part of the  National Park that also includes the ocean around the island of  Manado Tua – or Old Manado, Siladen and Mantehage.

Within the Bunaken Marine Park, visitors can see various strange and colourful marine life along its sea bed. To reach this park, you can take a motorboat. The journey from Manado takes around 40 minutes.  Entrance fee is 25,000 rupiahs per person per visit.

The translucent waters of the Bunaken seas enable people to clearly view numerous sea biotas. There are 13 species taken from http://luminousreload.files.wordpress.com/2009/08/bunaken-02.jpgof coral reefs in this park, dominated by edge ridges and block ridges of rocks. The most attractive view is the steep vertical sloppy coral reef that plunges down as deep as 25-50 meters.

Feast your eyes on 91 types of fish found in the Bunaken National Park, amongst which are the locally known gusimi horse fish (Hippocampus), the white oci (Seriola rivoliana), yellow-tailed lolosi (Lutjanus kasmira), goropa (Ephinephelus spilotoceps and Pseudanthias hypselosoma), ila gasi (Scolopsis bilineatus) and others.

Divers may also meet mollusk like the giant kima (Tridacna gigas), goat head (Cassis cornuta), nautilus (Nautilus pompillius) and tunikates/ascidian.

For those who enjoy scuba diving, this is a great place to be. With about 20 diving spots to choose from, divers will have the chance to swim below the sea, and frolic joyfully while admiring the sea creatures.

Make sure to visit Bunaken during its best season between May to August. That way you can explore the Park to its fullest.

Taken from:

http://www.indonesia.travel/en/destination/33

Wrapping Up

Summary

Descriptive text purposes to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing. The generic structure of descriptive texts consists of introduction, body, and conclusion.

Descriptive text uses simple present tense.

Descriptive text uses adjectives such as beautiful, peaceful, cool, etc.

 

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